Cultural participation


Delphi panel


The Delphi method is a forecasting technique based on the results of several rounds of questionnaires given to a panel of experts. It is used for identifying risks and opportunities and for estimating the likelihood and outcome of future events, and the impact they may have on a topic.


The name refers to the Oracle of Delphi in ancient Greece, known for its prophecies. The Delphi method – originally conceived in the 1950s in the US – seeks to aggregate consensus from the opinions of the diverse experts by circulating rounds of questionnaires and releasing related feedback to further the discussion with each subsequent round. The responses of the participants are anonymous so that the power of the arguments is more important than the power of the individual experts.


Specially Unknown employs a new version of the Delphi method – which doesn’t seek consensus on the possible, probable and desirable future scenarios, but allows “agree to disagree”, the possibility of dissensus, of the parallel existence of different views on the future and our roles in it.


Specially Unknown uses this Delphi technique to map the “real life” experiences with cultural participation of refugees and to develop further policies regarding it in nine European countries: Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Portugal, Sweden and The Netherlands.


Forty-five professionals from organizations involved with refugees – either with the implementation of integration programs, or self-help organizations, as well as the councils of refugees, and policymakers on a local and national level are taking part in this Delphi panel.


In three rounds of questionnaires, they are invited to comment anonymously on thoughts, findings and proposals, and challenged to reflect on examples and experiences from other countries. The panel is carried out by BMP foundation from Amsterdam.

The outcomes of this panel will be published – also on this webpage – in June 2019.


These are the partner organisations who coordinate the Delphi survey in their country: